The programme will move to the second phase as soon as India and France sign a contract for the development of an afterburning turbo fan engine for the AMCA programme. This work will be based on studies that were provided by Safran and approved by GTRE that are proposed as a roadmap for the engine development in the nation.
In order for the majority of the Hot Core section of the new engine to be produced in India without any supply coming from France, the GTRE is also looking for the private sector to participate in the jet engine programme. These businesses will not only supply parts and spares but will also aid in absorbing the Transfer of Technology in the nation.
Safran and GTRE came to an agreement that the intended engine would exclusively be produced in India and that most of the intellectual property rights would be controlled by India, with the exception of a few components that would be locally produced for the engine at a later stage. At least when marketed as part of the AMCA contract, India will have no export licencing requirements. However, if used on other jets not made in India, some permission may be needed, though the likelihood of that happening is very low.
In addition to setting up the production line and supply chain vendors from Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises and the Private Sector, GTRE will also be in charge of setting up Ground Testing Facilities and MRO Facilities for repairs and service of these engines after they are put into service. GTRE will be in charge of the entire programme from the production phases.
The development of the afterburning turbo fan engine would cost India almost $6 billion, some of the money will come from Safran’s offset liabilities, but India will bear the rest of the expense. In order for the majority of the engine technology to be produced in India and without the need for the construction of expensive factories, GTRE also intends to make the engine as affordable as possible.
In the upcoming 20 to 30 years, India will purchase close to 1000 jet engines for its fleet of AMCA, Tejas Mk2, and TEDBF aircraft. The AMCA is expected to fly for the first time by 2025 and go into service in 2029, however the first batches of Mk1 aircraft will be powered by General Electric F414 engines starting in 2035, only Mk2 aircraft will be propelled by the turbofan jet engine. When the Tejas Mk2 engine needs to be replaced, which will be between 2035 and 2040, a new engine will be installed. If GTRE can increase engine manufacturing from 2035 onward, TEDBF may go into production with new engines.