LCA Mk2 Interim or Backbone?, France for Project-75I, INS Surat & Udaygiri Launch

Is LCA Mk2 Interim or Backbone of IAF? Tejas Mk2 should be the backbone of IAF not an Interim solution

17.5 Tons Tejas Mk2 was supposed to be an Indian shot at the development of a multi role aircraft that could have replaced the Eighties purchased Jaguar, Mig-29, and Mirage-2000 fleets, that makes up nearly 200 jets in the Indian Air Force, but the Air Force seems to be so keen on acquiring MRFA and AMCA than it seems to have lost focus on the Tejas Mk2 program, that it has been sidelined, now only to be called as an Interim solution till AMCA arrives by mid 2030.

The air force has set requirements for two Squadrons of AMCA MK1 and 5 Squadrons of AMCA Mk2, due to the high cost that are usually associated with the 5th generation fighter jet programs, but the same air force is keen on spending nearly $20 Billion in acquiring a 4.5 generation platform, when 5th generation platforms like F-35A can be acquired almost at same costs to the country.

Even with recent orders for 83 Tejas Mk2 and assumed orders for 100 Tejas Mk2 and assured orders for 140 AMCA, things don’t still add up, unless 114 units of MRFA jets are considered for fleet rejuvenation by 2040. Moving away from 4.5+ Generation aircraft like Tejas Mk2 for 5th generation AMCA makes sense, but what doesn’t make sense is that, Indian Airforce still wants to acquire 4.5+ Generation in the same period of foreign origin.


Tejas Mk2 fighter jets role in the Airforce seems to have become an Interim solution, so that it doesn’t hurt the prospects of India acquiring 114 jets of foreign origin. Tejas Mk2 was to be the backbone of the Indian Airforce with nearly 200 jets inducted from 2028 onwards and the biggest type after Sukhoi 30MKI in the country, but for some reasons prospects of its crossing, even 50 units mark might be an uphill task.

Project-75I: Why India should develop a new submarine with French technology

Indian Navy’s Plan to procure six next generation electric diesel attack submarines under the Project-75I might be heading towards a single vendor situation after the pull out of France, Germany, and Russia from the tender off late. Some countries don’t have tried and tested technologies like lithium ion batteries or Air independent propulsion systems that forced them to Quit and others didn’t want to transfer technology to India.

Indian indigenous design for the attack submarines is still in infancy, and will take Naval Bureau few years, before it can come with an indigenous design but with an aging underwater submarine fleet, India simply can’t wait for Project-76, and will need to develop an interim solution which might help India come up with some of the technologies locally while it can scout for critical technologies, that could take longer to develop, from countries like France.

France’s defense company Naval Group, formerly known as DCNS should be hired as a technical consultant for the project-75I program, where either a modified version of the Scorpene class diesel powered submarine is used as a base to develop a new line of the submarine, with Indo-French technologies or undeveloped french design is purchased with maximum Indian made components.

India should offer Naval Group to purchase out right designs and tools to manufacture these submarines in India, with them hired as external consultants, so that India maintains Intellectual Property Rights of the design and also take french help to incorporate Indian systems like AIP and lithium ion batteries that will mature in next 5 to 7 years.

Project-75 India if executed with a technical consultant with Indo French technologies with proven or established design can become reality, at a faster rate with India maintaining its Intellectual Property Rights.

Raksha Mantri to launch INS Surat Destroyer and INS Udaygiri Frigate on May 17

Raksha Mantri Rajnath Singh will launch two indigenously built frontline warships INS Surat, a Project 15B destroyer, and INS UdayaGiri, a Project 17A frigate on May 17 at Mazagaon Docks in Mumbai. INS Surat is the fourth of Project 15B class of ships, that are the next generation stealth, guided missile destroyers of the Navy, being built at Mazagaon Docks.

INS Udayagiri is the third of Project 17A frigates, that are equipped with improved stealth features, advanced weapons and sensors, and platform management systems. Under Project 17A, a total of seven ships are under construction, four at Mazagaon Docks and three at Kolkata’s Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers.

Both Project 17A and Project 15B class of ships are designed in house by the Directorate of Naval Design and 75% of the equipment and systems were sourced from indigenous firms including micro, small and medium enterprises.

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