According to Russian media outlets, India, China, and Egypt have placed orders for Russia’s newest Sula radar which is capable of detecting space debris at a distance of up to 6 thousand kilometers. The report claims that the radar is presently getting fabricated with delivery expected from 2023 onwards. The number of units procured is still not clear but Sula radar also has dual usage which means it can also be used to track long range Ballistic missiles.
Sula Radar allows you to track the movement of satellites, space debris, and other objects in orbit at a distance of up to 6 thousand kilometers, it’s usually for satellites weighing 2 tons & above, but, it still can track nano and microsatellites at a range of 1000km in low Earth orbit.
Sula radar antenna is built based on a modular digital active phased array antenna, which provides the station with high information characteristics, bandwidth, and noise immunity, the peculiarity of Sula is the compact size of the antenna web which means the whole complex technical structures have a size of no more than 300 into 400 metre.
India’s ISRO already operates long-range L band radars for detecting space debris and satellites but the Sula range is three times more than what India presently has now.