The Ministry of Defense plans to purchase about 40 (Forty) Naval Shipborne Unmanned Aerial Systems (NSUAS) for surveillance and reconnaissance, monitoring of sea lanes of communication (SLOC), surveillance of coastlines and exclusive economic zones (EEZ), combating piracy and terrorism, aiding in search and rescue operations, and support for maritime domain awareness.
The NSUAS will be launched from a ship and utilised for surveillance, which will include SIGINT, target acquisition, and reconnaissance, as well as for creating MDA (Maritime Domain Awareness) around a Task Group. NSUAS’s secondary responsibilities would be to fight piracy, counter terrorism, and aid in search and rescue operations (SAR).
Each system will consist of two remotely piloted aircraft (RPA)-equipped, modularly designed, composite material air vehicles that can be folded or disassembled for storage on ships (in a container that will be provided). The RPA needs to be simple to assemble on the ship.
Naval Shipborne Unmanned Aerial Systems must have a minimum endurance of more than 10 hours with a basic payload and 100 km of loiter time in a basic configuration. Naval Shipborne Unmanned Aerial Systems ought to be able to fly at night, launch and recover from any ship in the Indian Navy, and reuse air vehicles after an emergency ditching. C-130 and C-17 aircraft should also be able to ferry Naval Shipborne Unmanned Aerial Systems.